Quotes in a essay how to cite

Published on November 13, by Shona McCombes. To quote a source, you must ensure:. The exact format of a quote depends on how long it is and which citation style you are using. Quoting and citing correctly is essential to avoid plagiarism. How many quotes should you use?

Frequently asked questions about quoting sources. Every time you quote, you must cite the source correctly. An APA in-text citation can be parenthetical or narrative. In a parenthetical citationyou place all the information in parentheses after the quote.

In a narrative citationyou name the author in your sentence followed by the yearand place the page number after the quote. Punctuation marks such as periods and commas are placed after the citation, not within the quotation marks.

As in APA, it can be parenthetical or narrative, and a period or other punctuation mark appears after the citation. There are two versions of Chicago Style citation: the author-date system, and the notes and bibliography system.

The author-date system looks similar to APA: you include the author, year, and page number in parentheses. The notes and bibliography system uses footnotes to cite sources. A short note, indicated by a superscript number placed directly after the quote, specifies the author, title, and page number.

Unlike with parenthetical citations, in this style, the period or other punctuation mark should appear within the quotation marks, followed by the footnote number. In all styles, you also need to list all the sources you cited at the end of your paper. The requirements for formatting this list vary by citation style. If you quote more than a few lines from a source, you must format it as a block quote. Instead of using quotation marks, you set the quote on a new line and indent it so that it forms a separate block of text.

Block quoting is most common in literary analysiswhere detailed analysis of the original text requires you to quote at length. Scribbr Plagiarism Checker. Avoid including quotations as entire stand-alone sentences.

Each time you quote, you must introduce it in your own words. There are three main strategies you can use to introduce quotes in a grammatically correct way. The following examples use APA Style citations, but these strategies can be used in all styles.

Introduce the quote with a full sentence followed by a colon. In this case, you follow the phrase with a comma instead of a colon. If some parts of a passage are redundant or irrelevant, you can shorten the quote by removing words, phrases, or sentences and replacing them with three dots, called an ellipsis.How to quote a book in an essay can be a tricky art but for sure is a great way to support the ideas with rock solid proofs, that you require to support the thesis or essay.

To be able select a good quote, try to find a passage that has the argument like yours and is open to go into an analysis. Try to assimilate that quote into the essay written by you, and ensure the proper cite is given to it based on the style guide you opt to use. A short quote which can be shorter than 4 typed lines.

While using a short quote, try to include it without any editing in the paragraph, beside your own words. The lead-in gives context to the quote.

quotes in a essay how to cite

This helps the reader know about your action that you have borrowed from some other writer. You still require to put quotation marks although you are only quoting just a few words for the other source. A quote must be support your ideas. For this purpose, you are required to analyze it and link it back to the work or thesis. You are not required to use quotes around a paraphrase, you actually require to cite it. Whenever you put a paraphrase, you still require to put commentary that joins the paraphrased thought back to your work, essay and ideas.

A long quote can be anything that goes more than 4 typed lines. You have to put these quotes in a block of text in a separate block from the rest of your essay. Because the quote is separated in a block, you need not put quotation marks around it. That is the reason why you need not use quotation marks.

But, you will definitely write and include the citation at the bottom of the essay. To tell the reader that a quote is just going to follow and what the quote is about, it is most necessary to introduce the quote. For a block quote, the lead-in can be a whole sentence explaining what the reader should take as a meaning after reading and understanding the block quote. At the end of the sentence, put a colon.

After that put your block quote. While citing two or more paragraphs, you should use block quotes. It dose not depend upon the length of the quote like if the passage you wish to quote is less than four lines long. You must indent the initial line of each paragraph an extra quarter inch and use ellipses … at the end of one paragraph to help the transition to the next paragraph.

The perfect indentation can be to indent it by.

Follow These Simple Rules to Cite a Quote Properly

For this you may use simple steps like, press the tab key to move the lines over. Your block quote should use the same line spacing as the rest of the essay, which is in most cases likely be double-spacing. This is helpful for you to explain pronouns used in the direct quote or further explaining what a quote is actually referring to. A block quote needs more commentary than a short quote. At least you must write sentences explaining and analyzing the quote, trying to link it back to your essay.

However, you may require to put longer commentary to fully justify and explain the quote to the reader of your essay. You must not expect the reader to build a connection to the quote back to your essay for you. Paraphrasing is a great way to shorten a long quote in your essay.

Then, incorporate the paraphrase into the paragraph, without using quotation marks. However, you must include a citation to give your reader a chance know where you got those ideas from. An MLA citation must look like this:. An APA citation for a direct quote looks like this:. After the date, put a comma and then the page numbers.When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.

All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8 th ed.

When you directly quote the works of others in your paper, you will format quotations differently depending on their length. Below are some basic guidelines for incorporating quotations into your paper. Please note that all pages in MLA should be double-spaced. To indicate short quotations four typed lines or fewer of prose or three lines of verse in your text, enclose the quotation within double quotation marks.

Provide the author and specific page number in the case of verse, provide line numbers in the in-text citation, and include a complete reference on the Works Cited page.

Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation. Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage, but after the parenthetical citation if they are a part of your text.

For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks.

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When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks. You should maintain double-spacing throughout your essay. Nelly Dean treats Heathcliff poorly and dehumanizes him throughout her narration: They entirely refused to have it in bed with them, or even in their room, and I had no more sense, so, I put it on the landing of the stairs, hoping it would be gone on the morrow.

By chance, or else attracted by hearing his voice, it crept to Mr. Earnshaw's door, and there he found it on quitting his chamber.

Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess, and in recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity was sent out of the house. Bronte When citing long sections of poetry four lines of verse or morekeep formatting as close to the original as possible.Last Updated: December 5, References Approved. This article was co-authored by Christopher Taylor, PhD.

There are 22 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. In this case, several readers have written to tell us that this article was helpful to them, earning it our reader-approved status.

This article has been viewed 2, times. Using a direct quote in your essay is a great way to support your ideas with concrete evidence, which you need to support your thesis. To select a good quote, look for a passage that supports your argument and is open to analysis. Variation: When you're citing two or more paragraphs, you must use block quotes, even if the passage you want to quote is less than four lines long. You should indent the first line of each paragraph an extra quarter inch.

Then, use ellipses … at the end of one paragraph to transition to the next.

quotes in a essay how to cite

To put a quote in an essay, incorporate it directly into a sentence if it's shorter than 4 typed lines. For example, you could write "According to researchers," and then insert the quote. If a quote is longer than 4 typed lines, set it off from the rest of the paragraph, and don't put quotes around it. After the quote, include an in-text citation so readers know where it's from.

How to Quote Someone in an Essay

For more tips from our English co-author, like how to omit words from a quote, scroll down! Did this summary help you? Yes No. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker.

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Here Is How to Use Citations the Right Way

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Sample Quotes.Homework is easy with expert tips and advice. And even easier when you have an expert to do it for you. Do you know how to use citations? Probably not. The reality is that using citations is not as difficult as you think. Once you understand what they are and how you can use them, you will find that citations are actually your friends.

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In this blog post, we will discuss the importance of citations both citations MLA and citations APA and will show you how you can use them to your advantage. Of course, tips and tricks on using citations are included towards the end of the article. The first thing you need to do is understand exactly what a citation really is. Why is this so important, you ask? Because once you know what a citation is, you will immediately learn how to use citations in essay papers. Basically, a citation is any quote you use from an external source.

A citation is also anything you reference in your writing. So, if you need to quote something from a book — any book — you would insert that quotation into your writing and then cite the work you used. Alternatively, if you were to use some stats from somewhere compiled or researched by someone elseyou would cite the work used and the author. Citations are important because they give credit to the original author.

By using proper citations, you ensure that your essay is not plagiarized. As we mentioned earlier, citations are very important because they help you avoid plagiarism. It would be impossible to write each and every essay from scratch, basing your writing exclusively on your own research. This is why quotes are permitted. Even though inserting a citation is pretty simple, it is very important to insert it correctly. Because each style has its own method of using citations.

We presume that you already know how to use citations in Word. Remember, all versions of Microsoft Word are excellent at using citations.

quotes in a essay how to cite

You just need to see one or two examples. And remember, citations will help you not only base your writing on stats and information researched by other authors; they will also help you lengthen your own essay with some interesting quotes. Remember, if you are a college student and need help with citations, you can always get some assistance online.

Your email address will not be published. Order Now. Do My Homework. Insert the complete reference into the References section at the end of the essay. The reference needs to contain the surname and the initial of the author, the date of publication, and the title of the work. For example: Smith, J. London: The Falmer Press. Make sure you have cited the correct reference.Before we get to all the different cases that change the way to cite an article in your essay, we must clarify a couple of things first.

Usually, your assignment sheet instructions say what style you must stick to. Your in-text citation is a link to the works cited page at the end of your paper.

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There are two ways of using a quote in an essay MLA. The in-text method requires only the page number of the source used in parentheses at the end of the quote. Case 3 Use a lengthy excerpt block quote without quotation marks but with left indentation half an inch.

Moreover, note that you will have to place a period before the parentheses. A quote is regarded as long if it takes four or more lines in your essay. Sometimes, you might choose to paraphrase individual quotes from multiple pages. In such a case, you can indicate the pages or a page range separated by a comma like this: Smith 26, 28, For example:.

The number of words you pick to use depends on the title. You want as many as to make it clear for the reader what source the quote is from.

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Take a look at some more examples of MLA in-text citations with their respective reference entries. Smith, Thomas. Spencer, Laura. Turnbull, Katarina. Gilliam, Szymon. Kent, Oscar. This style is the most commonly adopted one in the fields of health and social sciences. Remember to include all the articles you used in the references at the end of your essay.

For instance:. Mention all authors the first time you cite them. Titles of reports and books must be written in italics or underlined, whereas article titles and chapters should be put inside quotation marks. Watt, A.Using direct citations in your academic paper is the best way of substantiating your thoughts with solid proof and enhancing the credibility of your arguments.

In addition to that, quotes are also very useful for proving the subject or the thesis of your essay. Keep in mind that unless you mention the original writer when including a citation, your work will be regarded as plagiarized.

After you insert the citations in your paper, you need to add a bibliography section at the very end. If wish to find out how to add citations to an academic paper, read on. When quoting poems, the number of the page will be replaced by verses.

However, you still have to mention the date in a comprehensive bibliography section at the end of the paper. When using the MLA style, a fragment that includes less than 4 lines of narration or 3 verses of a poem is regarded as short.

Keep in mind that before adding a quote, you need to say a few things about it using your own words. If you add a citation without presenting it properly, your audience will have trouble understanding your point.

Write a couple of ideas to present the context and then proceed by adding quotation marks to the fragment. When finalizing the phrase, add a period. To understand the process better, take a look at our example:. Another way to do this is by presenting a fragment, quoting it and then making additional comments regarding the quote, as exemplified below:.

In the MLA citation style, a fragment that includes over 4 lines of narration or 3 verses of a poem is regarded as lengthy. The citation can be introduced by using a line of text as well as a colon. The only part that must be indented is the first line of the fragment. You need to use a one-inch indentation from the left side of the page.

The double spacing must not be modified.

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If at the end of a war story you feel uplifted, or if you feel that some small bit of rectitude has been salvaged from the larger waste, then you have been made the victim of a very old and terrible lie.

There is no rectitude whatsoever. There is no virtue.

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If you wish to quote more than one paragraph, you need to use block citations, regardless of the particular length of every fragment from those paragraphs. You ought to use an indentation of an additional quarter inch on the initial line of every paragraph. When you need to quote an entire poem or a fragment from a poetry, you ought to preserve the original formatting style of the verses. To understand this, take a look at the following example:. This may be helpful when you are required to modify the significance of the quote to some extent, for the purpose of providing an adequate context or eliminating certain parts that may be irrelevant to your ideas.

Take a look at the following examples that illustrate the way in which you need to add the citation in both situations:. Use ellipses … when you wish to leave out a fragment that is irrelevant to your paper. Still, you have to try and gather as much data as possible.

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